New Monasticism is a diverse movement, not limited to a specific religious denomination or church and including varying expressions of contemplative and prophetic life. These include evangelical Christian communities such as Shane Claiborne’s “Simple Way Community” and Jonathan Wilson-Hartgrove's “Rutba House,” European and Irish new monastic communities, such as that formed by Bernadette Flanagan, non-traditional spiritual communities such as the "Community of the New Monastic Way" founded by feminist contemplative theologian Beverly Lanzetta, and "interspiritual" new monasticism, such as that developed by Rory McEntee and Adam Bucko. These communities expand upon traditional monastic wisdom, translating it into forms that can be lived out in contemporary lives "in the world."
The origin of the new monastic movement is difficult to pinpoint. Some communities now identified with new monasticism have been in existence since the 1970s and 80s in the UK. Other well-known communities, such as the Simple Way in Philadelphia, formed in the mid-90s.
Bede Griffiths, a Roman Catholic Camaldolese monk who oversaw a Christian-Hindu ashram in India from 1968-1993, spoke often of a the future of monasticism as being a '"lay movement"', and developed a vision for new monastic life.
Raimon Panikkar outlined the idea of a '"new monk"' in a series of lectures in 1980 given to a group of western and eastern monastics as well as non-monastic lay contemplatives at Holyo . . . more