René-Jean-Marie-Joseph Guénon (November 15, 1886 – January 7, 1951), also known asAbd al-Wid Ya?yá [al-M?lik?, al-mid? ash-Sh?dhil?], was a French author and intellectual who remains an influential figure in the domain of metaphysics, having written on topics ranging from metaphysics, "sacred science" and traditional studies to symbolism and initiation.
In his writings, he proposes either "to expose directly some aspects of Eastern metaphysical doctrines", these doctrines being defined by him as of "universal character", or "to adapt these same doctrines for Western readers while keeping strictly faithful to their spirit"; he only endorsed the act of "handing down" these Eastern doctrines, while reiterating their "non-individual character".
He wrote and published in French and his works have been translated into more than twenty languages.
According to the doctrine exposed by Guénon, the "spiritual realisation" leads to the effective identification with the states of being that are superior to our transitory human state, and ultimately to the "Supreme Identity" with the Supreme Principle or Absolute Reality. He firmly states the necessity of being fastened to an authentic and living tradition which has kept alive and made available the initiations that were existing in that tradition since its inception. Such living traditions (such as Hinduism,Isl?m, or Dàoism) are characterized by an inspiration (eg. the Vedas), or a revelation (eg. the Qur . . . more