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CONTENTS | INVOCATION | INTRODUCTION | PROLOGUE | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21
WS FORUM

INVOCATION

Synopsis
Title Page
This Archive
Advisors and Contributors
Foreword by Ninian Smart
How to obtain a printed (hardbound/paperback) version

PROLOGUE:
MANY PATHS TO ONE GOAL

The Truth in Many Paths
Tolerance and Respect for All Believers

INTRODUCTION
The Purpose of World Scripture
The Organization of World Scripture
The World's Religions and Their Scriptures
Acknowledgements
Notes

ESSAY:
World Scripture and Education for Peace

PART ONE:
Ultimate Reality and the Purpose of Human Existence

CHAPTER 1: Ultimate Reality
Traces of God's Existence
The One
Formless, Emptiness, Mystery
Transcendent, All-Pervasive Reality
Sovereign and Omnipotent
Omniscient
Immanent and Near at Hand
Eternal -- in a World of Transience
The Creator
Goodness and Love
Divine Father and Mother

CHAPTER 2: Divine Law, Truth, and Cosmic Principle
Eternal Truth
Moral Law
The Decalogue
The Golden Rule
Polarity, Relationality, and Interdependence
Cosmic Justice

CHAPTER 3: The Purpose of Life for the Individual
Joy and Happiness
For God's Good Pleasure
Image of God and Temple of God
Inborn Goodness and Conscience
Original Mind, No Mind
Perfection
True Love

CHAPTER 4: The Purpose of Life in the Family and in Society
The Family
Parents and Children
Husband and Wife
Friendship
Unity and Community
Equality
The People of God
The Ideal Society

CHAPTER 5: The Purpose of Life in the Natural World
The Sanctity of Nature
Reverence for Life
The Microcosm
Dominion
The Lord of Spirits
Creation Rejoices

CHAPTER 6: Life Beyond Death and the Spiritual World
The Spiritual World: Mystery, Multiplicity, Analogy, Harmony
The Immortal Soul
Prepare Now for Eternity
Passage Beyond
Heaven
Hell
Spiritual Benefactors
Spiritual Error and the Occult

PART TWO:
Evil, Sin, and the Human Fall

CHAPTER 7: The Human Condition
Ill
The War Within
Ignorance
Idolatry
Pride and Egotism
Selfish Desire, Lust, and Greed

CHAPTER 8: Fall and Deviation
The Human Fall
Demonic Powers
Heresy
Degraded Human Nature
God's Grief

CHAPTER 9: The Major Sins
Good and Evil
Adultery
Murder
Theft
Lying and Deceit
Hypocrisy
Slander, Gossip and Foul Speech
Addiction

PART THREE:
Salvation and the Savior

CHAPTER 10: Salvation-Liberation-Enlightenment
Grace
Universal Salvation
Atonement and Forgiveness of Sins
Healing
Liberation
Enlightenment
Crossing the Waters
Reversal and Restoration
Peace
Help and Deliverance
The Refining Fire
Born Anew
Eternal Life
The Unitive State

CHAPTER 11: The Founder
Call and Awakening
Rejected by the World
The Victor
He Who Subjugates Satan
The Revealer of Truth
The Man for Others
The Living Presence
The Person and Character of the Founder: Divine Person
Human Person
The Succession of Founders and Messengers

PART FOUR:
The Religious Life

CHAPTER 12: Responsibility and Predestination
Decision
Individual Responsibility
Synergy
Predestination
Karma and Inherited Sin
Duty

CHAPTER 13: Self-cultivation and Spiritual Growth
Spiritual Growth
Cultivate the Good
Sincerity
Purity
Self-Control
Preparing the Start
Vigilance
Perseverance and Patience

CHAPTER 14: Faith
Faith
Devotion and Praise
Fear, Submission, and Obedience
Anxiety
Gratitude
Argument with God

CHAPTER 15: Wisdom
The Search for Knowledge
Scripture and Tradition
Poverty of Conceptual Learning
Scripture Teaches in Parables
Learning and Practice
Teacher and Disciple
New Wine and Old Wineskins

CHAPTER 16: Worship
Prayer
The Name of God
Meditation
Ritual
Beyond Ritual

CHAPTER 17: Offering and Sacrifice
Offering
Donations
Self-Sacrifice
Persecution and Martyrdom

CHAPTER 18: Self-Denial and Renunciation
Self-denial and No-self
Repentance, Confession, and Restitution
Humility
Restraint and Moderation
Control Anger
Subdue Desires and Passions
Detachment from the Senses
Renunciation of Wealth
Asceticism and Monasticism
Separation from Family
Separation from the World

CHAPTER 19: Live for Others
Loving-kindness
Serving Others
Sacrificial Love
Giving and Receiving
Charity and Hospitality
Forgiveness and Reconciliation
Judge Not
Love Your Enemy
Turn the Other Cheek
Good Deeds
Labor and Industry
Honesty and Expediency
Witness

PART FIVE:
Providence, Society, and the Kingdom of Heaven

CHAPTER 20: Good Government and the Welfare of Society
The Pillars of Society
The Prophet and Reformer
War Against Evil
Respect for Legitimate Governments
Government by Divine Law
Consideration for the People
Leadership by Example and Honest Government
Judgments and Punishments
Providence and the Mandate of Heaven

CHAPTER 21: Eschatology and Messianic Hope
Tribulation
The Last Judgment
The Messiah
The Kingdom of Heaven

Interspirit Network for global illumination
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CHAPTER 16, WORSHIP
PRAYER

    Prayer lies at the core of worship in most religions.  We have already
given some representative prayers in the Invocation, pp. 53-56, which
opens this anthology.  The passages here discuss the efficacy of prayer
and give guidance on how to pray.  There are general exhortations to
prayer, with the promises that God indeed hears and heeds prayers and that
prayer restrains one from evil.  Other texts give instruction on how to
pray.  Prayer should be done constantly, sometimes with vigils far into
the night.  Prayer should be honest; it is quiet and sincere conversation
in one's own words and from the heart.  Prayer should be accompanied by
deeds; the prayer of the hypocrite is without effect.  Among the best
prayers are those for the welfare of others ahead of oneself.


Your Lord says, "Call on Me; I will answer your prayer."

                   Islam.  Qur'an 40.60

The Lord is near to all who call upon him,
to all who call upon him in truth.

                   Judaism and Christianity.  Psalm 145.18

When My servants ask you concerning Me, I am indeed Close to them.  I
listen to the prayer of every suppliant when he calls on Me.
                   Islam.  Qur'an 2.186

Cast your burden on the Lord, and he will sustain you.

                   Judaism and Christianity.  Psalm 55.22

If the poorest of mankind come here once for worship, I will surely grant
their heart's desire.

                   Shinto.  Oracle of Itsukushima in Aki

Prayer restrains one from shameful and unjust deeds; and remembrance of
God is the greatest thing in life, without doubt.

                   Islam.  Qur'an 29.45

Beings possessed by carnal passions, anger, or infatuation have but to
revere and remember the Bodhisattva Kuan Shih Yin and they will be set
free from their passions.

                   Buddhism.  Lotus Sutra 25

- - - - - - - -
Psalm 145.18: Cf. Psalm 57.15, p. 114.  Qur'an 2.186: God is the one who
is 'Close' to man.  Close is one of the ninety-nine Beautiful Names God
given in the Qur'an.  Cf. Qur'an 50.16, p. 114.  Qur'an 29.45: Cf. Qur'an
70.19-22, p.384; Berakot 5a, p. 926.  Lotus Sutra 25: On the merits of
worshipping the Bodhisattva Kuan Yin (Skt. Avalokitesvara), see Lotus
Sutra 25, pp. 566f., and Gandavyuha Sutra 39, p. 369n.
- - - - - - - -

Establish regular prayers at the two ends of the day and at the approaches
of the night: for those things that are good remove those that are evil.
This is a word of remembrance to those who remember.

                   Islam.  Qur'an 11.114

O Shariputra, having perceived this cause and effect, I with reverence say
thus, "Every son and every daughter of a family ought with their whole
mind to make fervent prayer for [rebirth in] the Pure Land of Buddha
Amitayus."

                   Buddhism.  Smaller Sukhavativyuha Sutra 10

Lord of creation! no one other than thee
    pervades all these that have come into being.
May that be ours for which our prayers rise,
    may we be masters of many treasures!

                   Hinduism.  Rig Veda 10.121.10

Wang-sun Chia asked about the saying,

       Better pay court to the stove
       Than pay court to the shrine.

Confucius said, "It is not true.  He who has put himself in the wrong
with Heaven has no means of expiation left."

                   Confucianism.  Analects 3.13

You must always pray unto the Father in my name; and whatsoever you shall
ask the Father in my name, which is right, believing you shall receive,
behold it shall be given unto you.  Pray in your families unto the Father,
always in my name, that your wives and your children may be blessed.

                   Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
                   Book of Mormon, 3 Nephi 18.19-21

O believers, when you stand up to pray wash your faces, and your hands up
to the elbows, and wipe your heads, and your feet up to the ankles.  If
you are defiled, purify yourselves; but if you are sick or on a journey,
or if any of you comes from the privy, or have touched women, and you can
find no water, then have recourse to wholesome dust and wipe your faces
and hands with it.  God does not desire to make any impediment for you;
but He desires to purify you, and that He may complete His blessing upon
you; haply you will be thankful.

                   Islam.  Qur'an 5.6

- - - - - - -
Qur'an 11.114: For more on the Salat, or five obligatory prayers, see  the
Hadith of Muslim, p. 835n.  Cf. Qur'an 26.218-20, p. 752; 40.55, p. 743;
70.19-22, p. 385.  3 Nephi 18.19-21: Cf. John 14.13-14, p. 835, Matthew 7.7-11,
p. 686.
- - - - - - -

Is any one among you suffering?  Let him pray.  Is any cheerful?  Let him
sing praise.  Is any among you sick?  Let him call for the elders of the
church, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of
the Lord; and the prayer of faith will save the sick man, and the Lord
will raise him up; and if he has committed sins, he will be forgiven.
Therefore confess your sins to one another, and pray for one another, that
you may be healed.  The prayer of a righteous man has great power in its
effects.  Elijah was a man of like nature with ourselves and he prayed
fervently that it might not rain, and for three years and six months it
did not rain on the earth.  Then he prayed again and heaven gave rain, and
the earth brought forth its fruit.

                   Christianity.  James 5.13-18

Pray constantly.

                   Christianity.  1 Thessalonians 5.17

Rabbi Johanan said, "Would that man could pray all day, for a prayer never
loses its value."

                   Judaism.  Jerusalem Talmud, Berakot 1.1

The fire of hell has been forbidden to these two eyes: the eye that
remained sleepless through watching in the ways of God, and the eye that
wept with spirit trembling at the fear of God.

                   Islam.  Hadith of Darimi

O you wrapped up in your raiment!
Keep vigil the night long, save a little--
A half thereof, or abate a little thereof
Or add [a little] thereto and chant the Qur'an in measure,
For We shall charge you with a word of weight.
Lo! The vigil of the night is when impression is more keen and speech more
    certain.
Lo! You have by day a chain of business.
So remember the name of thy Lord and devote thyself with complete devotion.

                   Islam.  Qur'an 73.1-8

Call on your Lord with humility and in private.

                   Islam. Qur'an 7.55

When we pray alone to God, shedding tears, we will not feel lonely; God is
surely with us.

                   Unification Church.  Sun Myung Moon, 2-15-67

Worship me through meditation in the sanctuary of the heart.

                   Hinduism.  Srimad Bhagavatam 11.5

- - - - - - - -
Qur'an 73.1-8: Cf. Qur'an 11.93, p. 740.  Muhammad kept frequent prayer
vigils through the night.  Qur'an 7.55: Cf. Qur'an 23.1-5, p. 911.  Srimad
Bhagavatam 11.5: Here we begin several passages on prayers of the heart.
When meditation is directed towards God conceived as a Person--here the
Lord Krishna--it is in fact indistinguishable from prayer.
- - - - - - - -

There is a polish for everything that becomes rusty, and the polish for
the heart is the remembrance of God.

                   Islam.  Hadith of Tirmidhi

"To serve the Lord your God with all your heart" [Deuteronomy 11.13].
What is a service with the heart?  It is prayer.

                   Judaism.  Midrash, Sifre Deuteronomy 41

Of all the prayers of the heart, the best prayer is the prayer to the
Master to be given the grace of properly praising the Lord.

                   Sikhism.  Adi Granth, Maru Ashtpadi, M.5, p. 1018

Set me free, I entreat thee from my heart;
If I do not pray to thee with my heart,
Thou hearest me not.
If I pray to thee with my heart,
Thou knowest it and art gracious unto me.

                   African Traditional Religions.  Boran Prayer (Kenya)

People are granted birth into this world by the kami.  Accordingly, the
mind of a person is something which communes with the will of the kami,
and one must thus avoid doing anything which would impair that mind.  To
be visited with the blessings of the kami, one must first direct one's
mind wholeheartedly to prayer; to be granted the protection of the kami,
one must make a foundation of honesty.  In this way, the person's
pristine, undefiled mind will be awakened to the original, profound way.

                   Shinto.  Records of the Enshrinement of the Two
                   Imperial Deities at Ise

Always let a man test himself: if he can direct his heart, let him pray;
if he cannot, let him not pray.

                   Judaism.  Talmud, Berakot 30b

Prayer should not be recited as if a man were reading a document.

                   Judaism.  Jerusalem Talmud, Berakot 4.3

For the Great Spirit is everywhere; he hears whatever is in our minds and
hearts, and it is not necessary to speak to him in a loud voice.

                   Native American Religion.  Black Elk, Sioux Tradition

- - - - - - - - -
Sifre Deuteronomy, 41: Cf. Deuteronomy 6.5, p. 723; Berakot 17a, p. 720.
Records of the Enshrinement of the Two Imperial Deities at Ise: cf. Oracle of
the Kami Temmangu, p. 728; Divine Injunctions, p. 721; Michi-no-Shiori, p. 721.

Berakot 30b: Cf. Berakot 5.1, p. 839.
- - - - - - - - -

    And when you pray, you must not be like the hypocrites; for they love
to stand and pray in the synagogues and at the street corners, that they
may be seen by men.  Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward.
But when you pray, go into your room and shut the door and pray to your
Father who is in secret; and your Father who sees in secret will reward
you.

    And in praying do not heap up empty phrases as the Gentiles do; for
they think that they will be heard for their many words.  Do not be like
them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him.

                   Christianity.  Matthew 6.5-8

We know that God does not listen to sinners, but if anyone is a worshipper
of God and does his will, God listens to him.

                   Christianity.  Bible, John 9.31

Prayers to the Deity accompanied by monetary gifts secured by injustice
are sure not to be granted.  Pray in all righteousness and the Deity will
be pleased to listen to your supplication.  Foolish is he who, in
impatient eagerness and without following the path of righteousness, hopes
to obtain divine protection.

                   Shinto.  Shinto-Uden-Futsujosho

He who prays for his fellowman, while he himself has the same need, will
be answered first.

                   Judaism.  Talmud, Baba Kamma 92a

The pure whom you have found worthy for their righteousness and their good
    mind,
Fulfil their desire, O Wise Lord, let them attain it!
I know that words of prayer which serve a good end
Are successful before you.

                   Zoroastrianism.  Avesta, Yasna 28.10

What is the most important and necessary thing for us in our daily life?
It is the life of prayer.  Through prayer we should know the invisible
enemy and distinguish the invisible enemy from ourselves.  Don't pray for
yourself.  This is my teaching.

                   Unification Church.  Sun Myung Moon, 1-1-68

- - - - - - - -
John 9.31: Cf. Matthew 7.21, p. 811. Sun Myung Moon, 1-1-68:  The 'invis-
ible enemy' is Satan, who is constantly seeking to influence our thoughts,
confusing us to the point where we think that his ideas are our own.  Cf.
Qur'an 114, pg.56; 1 Peter 5.8, p. 443.
- - - - - - - -

Sitting cross-legged,
They should wish that all beings
Have firm and strong roots of goodness
And attain the state of immovability.

Cultivating concentration,
They should wish that all beings
Conquer their minds by concentration
Ultimately, with no remainder.

When practicing contemplation,
They should wish that all beings
See truth as it is
And be forever free of opposition and contention.

                   Buddhism.  Garland Sutra 11